In 1997, Rick Simpson, a Canadian cancer patient who cured his skin cancer using homemade cannabis oil, brought the CBD oil debate to the mainstream. If you live in a state where medical marijuana is legal, you will be able to buy hemp oil from your local dispensary. However, if you live somewhere where there is no medical marijuana scheme, you can do it yourself at home using several necessary supplies. Follow through the article to discover useful recipes on how to make cannabis oil.
What Are CBD And Its Health Benefits?
CBD is also known as cannabidiol, along with THC, is one of the best-known cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. In particular, the hallmark of CBD is that it is non-psychoactive and has no side effects. Another advantage of cannabidiol is its medicinal properties. In the sense of full disclosure, CBD includes many health benefits. Cannabidiol helps in treating and preventing:
- inflammation and nausea;
- cardiovascular disease;
- anxiety disorder;
- pain with muscle spasms.
The way CBD can do so much for our body is by interacting with our endocannabinoid system. It is the part of our central nervous system that is responsible for maintaining balance in the organism.
Here comes a little bit of science and history behind this. The discovery of the endocannabinoid system began in the 1940s when American chemist Roger Adams isolated the first cannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD). Decades later, in 1964, Israeli scientist Raphael Mechulam and Yehiel Gaoni isolated tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and determined that THC is responsible for the psychotropic effects of cannabis, while CBD does not cause any euphoric or psychotropic effects.
Since then, experts have identified about 85 compounds called cannabinoids that have amazing biological effects. For example, Meshulam himself later isolated a cannabinoid produced in the human brain. Ruth Galili, an immunology professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, has studied cannabidiol (CBD) — its range of medical uses is even broader than that of THC.
Most of the CBD comes from industrial hemp. This is the term used to describe the cannabis plant strains that contain 0.3% or less THC.
How To Make Marijuana Oil: Extraction Methods
Extraction of CBD is a technique used to isolate cannabidiol from a plant and separate it from other cannabinoids. European experts state that this can be done in a variety of ways. Some are better than others. The way the CBD is extracted will affect the quality and purity of the final product, which is then used for medicinal purposes.
Specific methods for extracting CBD can lead to residues of other cannabinoids or harmful residues that could jeopardize its medicinal effects. Here are the main methods of CBD extraction:
- Rick Simpson method;
- extraction of carrier oils;
- hemp glycerin extraction;
- alcoholic extraction;
- CO2 extraction.
Rick Simpson’s Method Or Butane Extraction
This method is named after the person who initially used it. This is the cheapest and easiest extraction method. However, this is the worst possible way to isolate CBD. This technique uses hydrocarbons such as butane, pentane, propane, hexane, or acetone. So if you consider “How to make medicinal cannabis oil?” this must be your last choice, i.e., not a choice at all.
The essence of the process is as follows. The plant material is immersed in a solvent, and when it cools, the compounds are separated from the source and remain in liquid form. Since these hydrocarbons have a low boiling point, they are boiled to evaporate and leave CBD oil behind. The high flammability of solvents can be dangerous both for the cannabidiol recovery process and for manufacturers. Besides, this process destroys some plant waxes and may contain harmful chemical residues. So, Rick Simpson’s method leads to more toxic pollution than any other and is not recommended by manufacturers from countries of legalization.
Carrier Oils Extraction
Extracting cannabinoids using vegetable oils is probably one of the oldest methods in history. In the process of elimination, oil is used. Most often olive, but also coconut, hemp, or any other. The plant material is decarboxylated. Decarboxylation is the process of heating a plant to a particular temperature over a while. This is to activate the chemicals in cannabis. The plant material is then added to the carrier oil and heated again for several hours. This pulls the cannabinoids out of the plant into the carrier oil.
It is an affordable and sustainable method that does not expose medical cannabis consumers to the risk of harmful chemical residues. However, the extraction of hemp in this way is not considered very useful. Oil without added preservatives can be perishable. The big drawback is that the oil cannot be easily removed, which means that the concentration of cannabinoids in the resulting product remains relatively low. It is impossible to remove unwanted components such as THC selectively. Vegetable oils are also relatively expensive and ineffective solvents compared to CO2 or alcohol.
Alcohol Hemp Extraction
Extraction with ethanol or ethyl alcohol is another scientifically recommended extraction method. Ethanol is considered a safe solvent and is found in various products, from paint to personal care products. This method works similarly to other brine extraction methods but is better for several reasons. In particular, ethanol is safe to consume and does not create the same residues or impurities as others. Therefore, it is easier to extract pure CBD oil from it. Ethanol is also polar, which allows it to pull out more water-soluble molecules. But this can create problems as well. Ethyl, alcohol can extract more chlorophyll from plant matter. In this method, the plant matter is decarboxylated and then tightly packed in a container.
CO2 Extraction Method
CO2 is carbon dioxide. It is the most widely used and best method to extract CBD oil. Due to its effectiveness and purity, it is quickly becoming the industry standard. There are three types of this process: supercritical, subcritical, and “medium-critical.” Supercritical is the most widely used. Simply put, CO2 acts as a solvent but does not emit any harmful substances. Therefore, it is believed that the extraction of hemp glycerin is the safest and most effective way.
Special equipment is used to convert CO2 to liquid at low supercritical temperatures. When CO2 is in this state, it is ideal for extracting cannabinoids because it does not cause any harm to the plant matter or compounds in it. Supercritical carbon dioxide is passed through the plant and draws out all the beneficial elements to be filtered and used.
The resulting solution passes through a separator that draws out all the cannabinoids and terpenes. The best part of this method is the ability to recycle CO2. This is cost-effective for companies that create CBD products on a large scale.
Subcritical and medium critical extraction is softer and will not pull out some large molecules. Any of these methods can be used to create full-spectrum CBD oil that also contains other cannabinoids. Supercritical hemp extraction is best for pure CBD products.
DIY Making Hemp Oil: Step By Step
Before you learn how to make medical cannabis oil at home, you need to choose the right strain of weed plant. Making medical cannabis oil is not an easy process that requires attention and focus. You must invest time and money in it if you want to get a top-notch result. When making hemp oil at home for a patient, you should only use high-quality buds. Depending on your purposes and particular conditions, you must choose whether you need Cannabis Sativa or Cannabis Indica. Besides, the hemp plant must be grown organically, without the use of any chemical fertilizers or pesticides, as these may be present in your final product.
Equipment Required For Making Cannabis Oil
- a chest freezer
- a stainless stockpot with a basket
- long wood stick, 2’X 2 ‘lumber (not chemically treated)
- a digital cooking thermometer
- a digital rice cooker or food steamer
- a 73-micron bubble bag
- ball pint Mason jars or an ample measure syringe
- 99.5% Isopropyl alcohol (2 gallons per pound of hemp)
Warning: Do not use a nonstick rice cooker to wash out the chemicals into your oil.
The Cooking Process
- Put the alcohol in the freezer overnight. It needs to be chilled so it would be easier for you to separate the flower’s oil glands in the next stage.
- Take your hemp buds and place them in a saucepan and freeze them overnight as well.
- Take a pot of chilled cannabis buds from the freezer, get your chilled alcohol, and pour into a pot until all the cannabis buds are submerged.
- Place the mixture in the freezer for another hour.
- After an hour, before taking the mixture from the refrigerator and using a wooden spoon to stir it slightly, make sure not to damage any of the cannabis buds at this point.
- Take your 73-micron bag and strain the mixture into another pot.
- Repeat the washing process with new rubbing alcohol and rewash the buds.
- Pour the liquid into a rice cooker and evaporate the alcohol. This step should be done outdoors to avoid inhaling alcohol vapor. Continue until the boiling alcohol has evaporated. CBD is heat activated. For CBD acid to be converted to CBD, it must be heated to 212F degrees (100 C). for 75 minutes. At no time should the oil temperature exceed 290F degrees (140C).
- Transfer CBD oil to Mason jars or syringes.
- Store the CBD oil in a cool and dark place. If the oil solidifies, run warm water over it to return it to liquid form.
CBD Oil vs. CBD Tincture: Essential Distinction
The word “tincture” refers to any medicine found in alcohol. Although CBD tinctures are derived from hemp, they are not the same as CBD oil. CBD is realized at 60-70% distilled alcohol. Necessarily these tinctures are hemp extracts (in liquid form) combined with a mixture of alcohol, glycerin, or cinnamon/peppermint oil. It is possible to consume the tinctures in the same direction as the CBD oil, i.e., sublingually (under the tongue). Unlike CBD oil, tinctures have lower CBD activity. Tinctures have a lasting shelf life, and the required dosage selected depending on individual user characteristics.
It’s required less amount of CBD tinctures, and it will work faster compared to CBD oil. This feature is called bioavailability. It is due to the presence of alcohol in the tinctures. It serves as a preservative that improves the longevity of CBD. It can also be prepared with CBD tinctures using water-soluble CBD.
How To Make Cannabis Tincture
The ratio of CBD in the tincture is lower compared to the oil. This is mainly due to the addition of other substances to improve the taste. Here are some of the ingredients:
- essential vitamins like B12, D, C, etc.
- essential oils like basil, lavender, etc.
Cannabis Tincture Recipe
This CBD tincture is one of the easiest to prepare. Materials required include a glass jar, strong alcohol such as Bacardi 151, a strainer, and ground hemp.
Stage 1: Dicarboxylate
When preparing any activated CBD tincture, the first step is always decarboxylation. To decarboxylate, you need to:
- Preheat the oven to 240 ° F (115 ° C).
- Prepare a baking line with parchment paper.
- Gently break up the buds and spread them on a baking sheet.
- Bake for 30 to 40 minutes, until it browned.
- Grind with a meat grinder or food processor.
Step 2: Make the Tincture
- Place the empty Mason jar in the freezer to chill.
- Place high-quality grain alcohol or Bacardi 151 in the freezer to cool.
- Once it cooled, place one ounce of shredded decarboxylated cannabis in a cold Mason jar.
- Pour 500 milliliters of high strength grain alcohol on top of the cannabis.
- Mason seal jar with a lid.
- Shake for about two minutes.
- Allow the Mason jar to warm to room temperature before storing.
- Leave the jar on for one to three weeks, shaking once a day.
- When you’re done, strain the leftover plant materials with a coffee grinder.
- Store new tincture in dark glass dropper bottles.
And here you go. Your CBD tincture is ready. You may use it as a food additive as an appetite suppressant, or as a calming supplement.
The consumption methods of both the oil and the tincture are restrained and have almost no psychoactive effects. Hence, you can find out which alternative is best for you.
Usually, the choice between oil and tincture depends on the person. Whether you’re worried about the taste, how you take cannabidiol, or the price, taking CBD-containing products offers many benefits for maintaining your overall well-being. The CBD oil market has a vast range of products to offer: from CBD balm to CBD bath bombs. At the same time, there are options for making CBD oil with your hands. However, before you learn how to make medical marijuana oil, you need to acknowledge medical advice: consult your medical practitioner to determine what dosage would be suitable for your condition.